Ben Ogrodnik is a PhD candidate at the University of Pittsburgh. He is currently writing a dissertation on ruins, reproducibility, and the aesthetics of material decay, in relation to avant-garde filmmaking in Pittsburgh in the 1970s and 1980s. He is especially interested in the remarkable flowering of media art centers and museum film programs across the world during those decades. Previously, he has written on such filmmakers as Alfonso Cuarón, Andy Warhol, Michael Haneke, and Errol Morris. You can read more of his work at Senses of Cinema, Film International, JUMP CUT, and Contemporaneity: Historical Presence in Visual Culture.